Unsexed pupae was kept inside the a cage to allow adults so you can emerge and mate

Yet, absolutely nothing is well known on the potato odour strengths for T. solanivora place regarding mate and you can/otherwise oviposition website. Amazingly, Bosa et al. (2011) stated that virgin girls was in fact a great deal more keen on flower odour than just in order to odours of whole plant or perhaps to tubers, into the a keen olfactometer sample. Once the interest to plants among virgin girls moths could be related that have place out of feeding internet rather than from oviposition sites (Cunningham ainsi que al. 2006; Saveer mais aussi al. 2012), the brand new role away from potato flower odour regarding host discovering method regarding T. solanivora should be looked.

Potato produces volatile substances which might be varieties certain while some you to definitely imply the high quality therefore the phenological phase of the plant life (Bolter et al. 1997; Agelopoulos ainsi que al. 2000; Karlsson et al. 2009, 2013). The potato plant structures, potato leaves, tubers, and vegetation generate compounds, many of which are antennal active so you’re able to T. solanivora (Karlsson mais aussi al. 2009). Semi-profession capturing assays indicated that new compound methyl phenylacetate (MPA) produced off potato herbs in highest amount and potato tubers within the quick number attracts T. solanivora. not, Broken Arrow backpage female escort MPA in conjunction with a high intensity of 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-you to (sulcatone), a compound used in tubers, reduces the interest (Bosa mais aussi al. 2011).

The purpose of today’s research was to characterize the newest cues employed by T. solanivora to track down the servers. We hypothesize you to definitely, since the tuber development and you may blooming top are present on top of that into the potato vegetation, potato rose odour you may book lady discover a keen oviposition site. To evaluate it theory, behaviour assays was conducted to observe effect off T. solanivora to help you synthetic mixes, understood of and you may representing different potato bush formations. Brand new mating condition determine regarding the actions was tested also because the significance of personal ingredients throughout the most attractive mix.

Fresh bugs

A research nest of one’s Guatemalan potato moth T. solanivora, from the new Colombian Firm to have Farming Look (Corpoica), was oriented. The new colony is actually interbred regularly that have nuts Colombian moths and you may is actually reared towards the potato tubers in the containment establishment within SLU, Sweden. Pests was indeed was able for the sixty ± 10% RH and you may 18 ± dos °C less than a photoperiod out of L16:8D. Adults getting electrophysical test was indeed kept in Plexiglas cages (33 ? 33 ? 33 cm step 3 ) and you can fed having ten% honey provider, while adults into olfactometer assays was indeed fed just with drinking water twenty-four h ahead of tests.


Artificial ingredients (Table 1 ) have been checked from inside the a dosage–reaction work through electroantennographic recording technique (EAG) more five sales out of magnitude: 0.01, 0.step one, 1 and you will ten ?g ?l ?step one . The newest substances were toned down from inside the hexane (99.9% Lichrosolve, Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany). Identity and you may quantification out of potato, Solanum tuberosum, var. Little princess, odour had been mostly carried out in a previous investigation (Karlsson et al. 2009). Men and women analyses, in addition to mutual gas chromatography and electroantennal recognition (GC-EAD), shown 17 ingredients for the potato headspace which might be antennal productive to own T. solanivora. Additional collection throughout the exact same bush variety and diversity, looked at that have GC-EAD with the ladies, showed that benzaldehyde, 1-octen-3-ol, 3-octanone, and dos-phenylethanol, are also antennal effective. Therefore, synthetic models of them four substances have been here checked-out alongside the in past times recognized substances. Ladies insects, aged dos–3-date blog post development and you may twelve–24-h article mating were used for the assay. With the basic 29 minute following the onset of the latest photophase, people copulating sets were chosen and you may softly transferred to an alternate instance. Women and men was basically separated into additional cages shortly after a single over mating skills. Antennae was basically cut at the base and you can mounted that have electroconductive solution (Cefar, Lund, Sweden) when you look at the a beneficial forked antenna manager (Syntech Gadgets and you may Search, Kirchzarten, Germany) and you may consistently met with charcoal-filtered and you will humidified heavens (1.5 l min ?1 ). The latest odour stimulus was indeed made by using 10 ?l of each and every compound at for every amount into pieces of filter out report (0.5 ? dos cm), joined into the a Pasteur pipette. A puffing unit (Syntech stimulus control CS-55) delivered a great 0.5-s enough time air smoke that have a beat of just one ml sek ?1 through the Pasteur pipette and towards humidified airstream passage along the antenna. Each antenna are exposed to a few stimulus, within one quantity top, which were demonstrated into the random buy, to stop sphericity. Brand new stimuli collection always come and you can concluded which have blank, hexane, and you can girls pheromone parts (E)-3-dodecenyl acetate, [(E)-3-12:Ac) (Pherobank, Wageningen, Holland >99.6%] (Nesbitt ainsi que al. 1985) as the resource, because this material had shown reproducible EAG responses. For each stimulus is presented about step one minute adopting the early in the day stimuli to cease adaptation of one’s antenna. The utmost amplitude of the EAG answers are registered and analysed with the EAG-modified application (Syntech, EAGPro observar. dos.0).

Bir yanıt yazın

E-posta adresiniz yayınlanmayacak. Gerekli alanlar * ile işaretlenmişlerdir